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Cairn Terrier Dog Breed

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cairn terrier dog breed

The Cairn terrier is a description of the ideal dog of each recognized breed that will serve as the criteria by which dogs will be judged during the show. Pedigree clubs are the main factors of formal recognition by international or national organizations.

The Cairn is a terrier breed that originated in the Highlands of Scotland and was one of the earliest guide dogs in the region. The name Cairn comes from the Cairn tribe. The British Breed Club promotes Cairns as “the best little companion in the world”.


History of the Cairn terrier Dog

Until 1873, all Scottish terriers were grouped together under one name. Scotch Terriers were then divided into two groups: Dandy Dinmont Terriers and Scotch Terriers. In 1912, they were named Cairn Terriers for the stone piles that serve as milestones or memorials in the Highlands.

The breed is currently known as the Cairn, along with the Scottish Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier. Cairns are descended from small, rough-coated Scottish Highland terriers.

Small terriers that were kept on farms and barns until the early 20th century. When the American Kennel Club recognized the Cairn in 1913, this practice ceased. The Cairns are rank 56th among AKC-registered dogs. Most people associate the Cairn Terrier with Toto from “The Wizard of Oz.” Cairn Terriers are now the ultimate pet and show dog.

Cairn Terrier Breed Overview

  • Origin: Scottish
  • Life span: 12-15 years
  • Height: 9-13 inches
  • Weight: 10-16 pound (4.5–7.3 kg)
  • Color: Black, brindle, cream, gray, red, brindle, sliver, cream, brindle, and wheaten More than 40 minutes of exercise every day is required.
  • Barking Level: Only To Alert
  • Energy Level: Extremely High
  • Drooling Tendency: Moderate
  • Coat Length: Medium
  • Temperament: tough, smart, aggressive, daring, and energetic
  • Puppy Cost: $550
  • Litter size: 2-10 puppies
  • Breed group: terrier
  • Breed size: normal
  • Intelligence: High


Cairn terrier, A tiny pet is active Kern family member. He is clever and intelligent. The Cairn terrier has a robust build, dark brown eyes, and a “fox-like” face. Their heads are large, and their ears are short and straight. Their bodies are little, their legs are short, and their tails are natural and high.

Cairn terriers have a soft undercoat, but their shaggy, water-resistant outer coat gives them a bouncy look. They are available in a variety of hues, including black, crimson, brindle, and silver. Cairn Terriers are typically 9-13 inches tall and weigh 10-16 pounds (4.5-7.3 kilograms).


Cairn Terriers are considered intelligent as well as loyal pets. The Cairn terrier adapts to most environments. Some may be prone to excessive barking, and other dogs may dig. They can be aggressive with other dogs and deadly with small pets and errant rodents.

The Cairn terrier is an excellent choice for a family that wants a playful, happy pet that is always brought out to play or for a brisk walk around the neighborhood. The breed is a friendly dog ​​that can adapt to any type of home, from a city apartment to a country farm.

Cairn Terriers get along perfectly with children when both the dog and the children are properly supervised and trained. They are alert, active and curious, the cairn acts as a watchdog, a child’s playmate and an all-round family friend.

The Cairn is smart and learns quickly. There is never a need to shout or force it; As long as he knows you’re in charge, he’ll respond with positive reinforcement in the form of praise, play, and treats.


Cairn Terriers are fairly healthy, but they can be affected by certain genetic health issues. All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems. No breeder guarantees the health of puppies.

Cairns suffer from an enzyme deficiency that leads to the death of nerve cells known as globoid cell leukodystrophy or lysosomal storage disease, keeping the puppies away from the main home for health reasons.

Many small dog breeds, including Cairns, suffer from Legg-Calvey-Perthes disease (LCPD), a bone disorder that requires surgery. Apart from that, Cairn Terriers are prone to craniomandibular osteopathy, allergies and diabetes.

Like other terrier breeds, the Cairn terrier can live a long and healthy life. But as they age, it’s possible for them to experience retinal problems like luxating patellas and cataracts. Regular medical care is always important.

Cairn Terrier Dog Care

The Cairn is a versatile small family dog known for its strength, independent, friendliness, and sense of humour. They appreciate the company of their people, but they live on activity.

This little breed is unsuitable for being a lapdog. Cairn Terrier requires a lot of activity and instruction, but grooming is fairly simple depending on grooming preferences.

A Cairn Terrier is lovely as a puppy, but much more so as an adult. To ensure that pet is properly cared for, meet their basic needs and train them regularly.


The best food for Cairn Terriers is rich in protein which helps maintain their muscles and fuels their high levels of brain activity. Choose dog food brands that have meat as the first ingredient to ensure the protein comes from the best source. Avoid corn, wheat and soy.

A healthy adult Cairn terrier needs about 450-520 calories per day depending on their activity level. Feeding times are best twice a day as these puppies tend to vomit when they are on an empty stomach. Recommend feeding Cairn terrier protein 25-40%, carbohydrates 25% and fat 15-18%.

Senior Cairns have the same nutritional needs as adult Cairns. They need fewer calories per day, just 341 to 360 depending on daily activity levels, but they need more protein to keep them healthy in their twilight years.


Cairn Terriers are so little, they will adapt easily to apartment living. A loving home is the greatest setting for a Cairn Terrier.

Cairn Terriers require a lot of exercise to keep up with their energetic lives. Walking them for 20-30 minutes twice a day keeps them mentally and physically fit.

Because this breed is inherently curious, keep pet on a leash. If not, Cairns will go exploring. Remove the leash only in areas where they cannot escape.

Playing catch, running, and taking long/short walks are all great methods to keep Cairn Terrier active. Overall, strive to vary exercise routine to provide dog with new challenges.


Cairn Terriers require very little grooming. Build regular grooming into schedule to help Cairn terrier live longer, stay healthy, and be happy throughout its lifespan.

Cairn Terriers do not sneeze. When dog’s hair falls out, it remains in the follicle. Rolling the coat can keep the coat healthy if you chose to groom terrier. Rolling the coat by hand or with a grooming tool is an alternative.

A weekly brush out should enough to keep dog’s coat in good shape. Because their fur grows swiftly, it can obstruct their vision and tangle easily if left alone for an extended time.

To keep their coats neat and comfy, some owners have them hand-stripped. Rather than clipping, this approach keeps the coat’s condition and texture.


Cairn Terriers take a typical terrier approach to dog training. If you can motivate them with reward-based, fun training, they can achieve surprisingly high levels and even become experts at games like mini-agility. Encourage any high jump until at least age 2.

The biggest hurdle is finding the right incentives. Once you have it, you have to get used to it when called upon. Cairn terrier dogs will require rigorous obedience training.

It may take a month or more for you to see consistent results. Also, if you are in a hurry to get out of the house, calling him now will be quick and stress-free.

Also Read: Azawakh Dog Breed

Advantages and Disadvantage of Cairn Terrier dog


  • Wool does not require complicated care.
  • His nature is inquisitive and friendly character.
  • They are calm and reserved in relation to children.


  • He lacks patience.
  • Can be aggressive towards other dogs, regardless of size.
  • This breed is very curious, cannot sit still.

Photo gallery

Cairn terriers

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Cairn terrier dogs

Cairn terrier

Cairn terrier

Cairn terrier breeds

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