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Rottweiler Dog Breed Information

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Rottweiler is a popular domestic and medium to large sized dog breeds. It’s a robust working breed of great strength descended from the mastiffs of the Roman legions. Rottweilers are a strong, powerful breed who need firm, consistent training. There is a fine line between wanting to protect you and aggressiveness.
Rottweiler content overview


History of Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is probably descended from the Italian Mastiff, which accompanied the herds that the Romans brought with them when they invaded Europe. The Roman armies used the Rottweiler to guard and herd the necessary animals which accompanied them on their campaigns, to provide food for their armies. The Rottweiler is one of the oldest of herding breeds.

The American Kennel Club admitted the Rottweiler into its Stud Book in 1931. The official standard for the breed was approved in 1935, and the first Rottweiler earned an AKC conformation championship title in 1948.

Modern Rottweilers today have traits descending from the Switzerland Bernese Mountain Dog and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog which appear in their bloodlines.

This breed acquired its name from the old free city of Rottweil and was known as the Rottweil butcher’s dog’. Rottweiler still remains a docked breed in the AKC ring in the United States today. The 1990 revision is the standard by which you will judge the Rottweiler in the AKC conformation ring.


Different names or Types

Other names

  • Rottie
  • Rott
  • Rottweil Metzgerhund – Butchers Dog


  • American Canine Association Inc – ACA
  • American Canine Registry – ACR
  • Canadian Kennel Club – CKC
  • American Kennel Club – AKC
  • Australian National Kennel Club – ANKC
  • Colonial Rottweiler Club – CRC
  • American Pet Registry, Inc – APRI
  • Continental Kennel Club – CKC
  • Dog Registry of America, Inc – DRA
  • Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub – DRK
  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale – FCI
  • International Rottweiler Club – IRK
  • Kennel Club of Great Britain – KCGB
  • North American Purebred Registry, Inc – NAPR
  • National Kennel Club – NKC
  • New Zealand Kennel Club – NZKC
  • United Kennel Club – UKC


Appearance & Characteristics

The Rottweiler is a medium to large size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light and neither leggy nor weedy. His correctly proportioned, compact and powerful build leads
to the conclusion of great strength, agility and endurance.

Breed basic characteristics

Origin Germany
Group Working Group
Size:  Medium to Large
Lifespan:  9-10 years
Trainability:  Easy Training
Exercise Needs: Plenty of exercises
Grooming:  Low Maintenance
Barking:  Rare
Shedding: Moderate Shedding
Protective Ability: Not Good with Kids
Brushing:  Weekly brushing
Hypoallergenic Breed:  No
Space Requirements: Small spaces
Compatibility With Other Pets: Good
Average Puppy Price: ‎Average $800 – $1200 USD
Height 24-27 inches (male), 22-25 inches (female)
Weight 95-135 pounds (male), 80-100 pounds (female)
Litter size 8-12 puppies




Rottweilers are calm, dependable dogs, who are affectionate and loving towards their owners. They are good with children.

Size, Proportion, Substance

Size: Rottweilers are slightly longer than tall, large dogs, ranging in height from 55cm inches for a small female to 70 cm for a large male. Weights go from 36 to 54 kg.
Proportion: The length of the body, from sternum to the rearmost projection of the rump, is slightly longer than the height of the dog at the withers, the most desirable proportion of the height to length being 9 to 10.
Substance: A correctly bred and correctly produced Rottweiler should exude power and strength. He should have sufficient bone and substance and a very compact frame.


The regular shape of Rottweilers head must resemble a triangle with equal sides and blunt angles.

Skull: The skull is of medium length, relatively broad between the ears. The forehead line is moderately arched as seen from the side, with the occipital bone well developed without being conspicuous.
Muzzle: The muzzle should appear neither elongated nor shortened in relation to the cranial region.
Eyes: The eyes should be of medium size, almond-shaped and dark brown in color.
Ears: The ears are medium-sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, and set high on the head. With the ears laid forward close to the head, the skull appears to be broadened.
Serious Faults:

Neck, Topline, Body

Neck: The neck is strong, of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, clean, free from throatiness, without excessive dewlap.
Topline:  The back is firm and level, extending in a straight line from behind the withers to the croup. The back remains horizontal to the ground while the dog is moving or standing.
Body: The back is straight, strong and firm. The loins are short, strong and deep. The croup is broad, of medium length, and slightly rounded, neither flat nor falling away.
Serious Faults:


Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the side, stands straight and vertical.

Shoulders: The shoulder blade is long and well laid back. Upper arm equal in length to shoulder blade set so elbows are well under body.
Front Feet:  Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black and strong.


Angulation of hindquarters balances that of forequarters. Upper thigh is fairly long, very broad and well muscled. Stifle joint is well turned. Lower thigh is long, broad and powerful, with extensive muscling leading into a strong hock joint.
Rear Legs:
Hind Feet: Slightly longer than the front feet. Toes strong, arched, as tight as front feet.
Tail: Tail docked short, close to the body, leaving one or two tail vertebrae. The set of the tail is more important than length.


The outer coat is straight, coarse, dense, of medium length and lying flat. The undercoat should be present on the neck and thighs, but the amount is influenced by climatic conditions. The Rottweiler is better suited to colder climates, and it can live outdoors with a proper shelter. In hotter temperatures, these dogs can become overheated. Rottweilers can tolerate cool temperature better than warm temperatures. Rottweilers should never be left outside in the direct sun during the summer.

Shedding: Rottweilers have a double coat and shed heavily in the spring and the fall, moderately throughout the rest of the year.

Color and Markings

The color and markings of a Rottweiler are very distinctive. A Rottweiler is always, by any breed club standards, black with well-defined mahogany or rust-colored markings that do not take up more than ten percent of the dog’s body color.

Coat Color and Markings

Gait: The Rottweiler is a trotter. His movement should be balanced, harmonious, sure, powerful and unhindered, with strong forereach and a powerful rear drive.


Personality and Temperament


Rottweilers get along nicely with people and other dogs, but males, in particular, can be a bit aggressive and dominant. Rotties are incredibly loyal, which makes them superb watchdogs, and they will protect their family fearlessly but to be vicious, they must be trained that way. They can be aggressive with other dogs of the same sex. And while many Rottweilers live peacefully with the family cat, other individuals are predatory toward cats.


The Rottweiler is good-natured, placid in basic disposition, very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behavior self-assured, steady and fearless. Rottweilers are serious dogs, while others are happy-go-lucky clowns. But in general, the Rottweiler tends to respond quietly and with a wait-and-see attitude to influences in his environment, like strange sights and sounds. Rotties are quick to learn and easy to please. A family is very important to the Rottie and they are very social within the home.

Activity Requirements

Rottweilers are not the most agile dogs in the world, but they do appreciate the extra time and exercise involved in agility activities. Rottweilers need moderate exercise to maintain health, happiness and an even temperament. They are far too large for apartment life and are much better suited for the suburbs. Rottweiler exercise is also essential to safeguard your dog from turning obese. A dog suffering from obesity is at an increased risk of heart, joint, thyroid, breathing, skin, and disk problems

Behavioral Traits

Rottweilers love to chew, and if not properly exercised or given enough of his own interesting bones to chew, he will become bored and turn to household items. Rotties to be born with unstable bloodlines. It is important that potential owners conduct extensive research on a breeder before adopting. Rotties are working dogs, and their genetics make them predisposed to regular and playful activities.


The Rottweiler is a dominate natured dog that requires a firm, patient and constant training regimen. Training should be conducted confidence and firmness, but never harshness. A Rottweiler needs to respect you in order to accept leadership from you. The Rottweiler is a very intelligent dog that can excel at training if given the chance. Rotties can be a handful to train, and novice dog owners can sometimes become overwhelmed by the task. This muscular dog needs some space and exercise: brisk daily walks, interactive romping sessions, and regular opportunities to stretch out and run.


Health & problems

Health & Problems

Many diseases and health conditions are genetic, meaning they’re related to your pet’s breed. That doesn’t mean your dog will have these problems; it just means that he’s more at risk than other dogs. Rottweiler is a healthy dog breed, some major diseases they may suffer from include hip dysplasia, bone cancer, gas bloat, and obesity.

Feeding Plan

Rottweiler dogs need high energy levels as an activity of Rottweiler puppies is high. Rottweiler dogs need different diet at different stages of life. A Rottweiler will not eat you out of house and home. Depending on the size, age, sex and activity level of your dog, it will eat between 3kg and 4kg of high-quality kibble a week. This would generally be between 400g and 600g of kibble divided into two meals a day.

Living conditions

Rottweiler can adapt to living in small spaces the breed is more ideal for people who have a large garden or field, where the dog can freely develop its strength.

How to take care?


Rottweiler needs constant exercise in order to maximize its full physical capacity. Rottweilers love to run around open fields and retrieve balls. They also enjoy swimming and running alongside bicycles. Rottweilers are very intelligent and easily trained. They do well in tracking, police work, agility, obedience and anything you put in front of them.

Grooming & Bruising

The shorter coat of the Rottweiler only needs minimal grooming, even in the seasons when it sheds. Weekly brushing with a bristle brush and an occasional wipe down with a damp towel will keep this breed looking its best. Rotties have a relatively short coat and not much grooming except brushing is needed. They have a double coat and shed twice yearly, usually in spring and again in the fall.

Dental Health check up

Proper dental health care is as important for every dog similarly it is very important for the Rottweiler dog. Brush your pet’s teeth at least 2 or 3 times a week. You get special toothpaste and toothbrush for dogs and your vet can guide you on how to use them. If you don’t attend to your pet’s teeth, he can experience tartar build up. This can lead to gum disease and tooth loss. Not only that, bad teeth can affect other parts of the body too.

Love & affection

Love and affection are useful for every dog. If you give a love and affection to your Rottie than the dog will love you back. Your Rottweiler puppy will be a member of your family, So Give lots of love and affection for your cute puppy. Most importantly, spend time with your dog because that your dog needs love and affection.

Feed Healthy food

Feeding a healthy food in the dog’s life is the most important. In this day there are many healthy foods are available on the market so that you can choose any healthy food for your dog. Because healthy food is the most important for dog health care.  The young Rottweiler dog is not a hearty eater as most breeds his size. He must often encourage with meat juices or bacon grease mix in the food to entice him to eat.

Feed your puppy good quality food that contains meat as the first ingredient and avoids food with grains, by ­products, or meat meal as the first ingredient.
Feed your puppy several times a day so they can grow up to be big and strong.
Don’t forget to provide your Rottweiler with plenty of exercises to keep them from becoming overweight or obese.

The following items should never be feed to Rottweiler

  • Alcohol, beer, wine or liquor
  • Chocolate, coffee, or tea
  • Grapes or raisins
  • Moldy or spoiled food of any kind
  • Onions, chives, and garlic
  • Poultry bones
  • Salt & salty foods
  • Tomato leaves stem or unripe fruit
  • Yeast dough


Rottweiler Puppy information

Puppy Training

Rottweilers are intelligent working dogs and begin responding to commands as soon as they understand what you want of them. Occasionally there are exceptions. It is very important to establish control over your dog. Obedience training is the easiest and best way to do this.

Training Crate

The crate is an important training tool for almost every dog, but especially for families with young children. Crate training is important for any owner for trips to the vet, traveling, boarding, etc. Crate training your dog can be a painless process if you follow the steps in this guide and will provide lifelong benefits to your dog.

Most owners wonder how long should a puppy be in a crate. See the table below to help you determine how long you can Crate your dog, based on their age.

Dog’s age Maximum time in a crate
8-10 weeks 30-60 minutes
11-14 weeks 1-3 hours
15-16 weeks 3-4 hours
17+ weeks 4-5 hours
Adult healthy dogs 8 hours


The Rottweiler is a dog you can get along with very well easily, but the basic training, the growth in a harmonious environment from an early age and constant socialization are essential. The first step in puppy socialization is learning simple, but important habits. It is important to feel comfortable when it is held on a leash, when its master makes it a bath or when the master touches its food.

Behavioral training

Before teaching it the basic commands it is important to establish a close emotional relationship between the dog and the owner. Behavioral training is very important for any dog. At some point in time all of us dog owners need to administer some dog behavior training. Behavioral training is very helpful for taking care of the dog. First of all, if you want to train your puppy to Behavioral training so find out some common behavioral issues like breaking, aggression, food guarding, howling, mouthing and chewing, separation anxiety, etc and stop this behavioral issues and train your dog easily.

Obedience training

Obedience training usually refers to the training of a dog and the term is most commonly used in that context. It ranges from very basic training, such as teaching the dog to reliably respond to basic commands such as “sit,” “down,” “come,” and “stay,” to high-level competition. Training a dog in obedience can be an ongoing and lengthy process depending on the dog, the methods used, and the skill and understanding of both the trainer and the handler.

Rottweiler Puppy price

A great way to look at the price is to compare family companion pet quality rottweilers purchase price. With $850.00 being the average price of a Rottweiler puppy from a puppy mill and $1500.00 being the average price for a professional ethical breeder.


Rottweiler breeder list

Robert Killian
KillianHaus Rottweilers
Ph: 256-894-4477
Email: robertkillian@mac.com
Website: http://www.killianhaus.com

Quaking Canopy
Amanda Weber
Reno, NV
Ph: 775-342-9966
Email: amanda@quakingcanopy.com
Website: www.quakingcanopy.com

North Carolina
Vince Calcagno
Calcagno’s INC., DaVinci Rottweilers
Wilmington, NC 28409
Ph: 910-262-8121
Email: vbcalnc@gmail.com
Website: www.davincirottweilers.com

Cheri Hagen
Email: stoneridgeak@gmail.com
Website: www.stoneridgerotts.com

Brenda Creel
Creek kennel Rottweiler’s
Riverside, California
Ph: (951) 780-0363
E-mail: creelkennel@aol.com
Website: http://www.creelkennel.com

Things to consider adopting a Rottweiler

If you’re seriously considering adopting a Rottweiler, you should know.

  • Before you adopt a Rotti, consider how much time your new family member will spend alone. Remember, a puppy requires constant attention.
  • Before you adopt a puppy, ask yourself if you are available to walk your dog several times throughout the day.
  • You also have the advantage of knowing that your dog is physically able to “hold it” for several hours at a stretch.
  • Ask anybody who has adopted an adult dog then after adopts an adult dog.
  • If you’re unsure of whether the new dog you’ve chosen is right for your family and lifestyle, consider fostering before making a commitment.

Advantages of Rottweiler

  • Confident, steady, and fearless.
  • Obedient and devoted.
  • Large, strong, and athletic.
  • Intelligent and easy to train.
  • Protective of owners; excellent guard dog.

Disadvantages of Rottweiler

  • Needs daily exercise.
  • Can be strong-willed.
  • Must be properly trained and socialized to avoid aggression as an adult.
  • Does not easily make friends with strangers.
  • Easily bored or distracted if not given something to do.


Photo gallery


Rottweiler police dog

Rottweiler dog breed

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