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Pekingese Dog Breed

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Pekingese dogs

The Pekingese breed is the name of a type of dog. A compact toy companion with a royal bearing and distinctive rolling gait, the Pekingese dog is one of the few breeds created for the ruling class of ancient China.

Raised to live as pampered royal pets in the palaces of Chinese emperors, Pekingese breeds are affectionately known as “lion dogs” because of their long manes and stocky build.  These Peke dogs are compact, stocky toy dogs that weigh up to 14 pounds. These dogs are very intelligent and strong willed.

Pekingese dogs are petite, attractive canines who like being spoiled by their owners. They got their name from the ancient city of Peking, which is today known as Beijing. Peke dog breed is suitable for apartments and is rather passive indoors. They are one of the most popular lap dogs.


History of the Pekingese Dog

Pekingese toy dog ​​breed originated in ancient China. It was considered sacred in China. The Pekingese is known as the “Lion Dog” in both East and West because of its appearance. It is also known for its independence and lion-like courage. It was kept as a palace dog by members of the royal family. In 1860, the imperial palace in Peking was looted by British forces.

First lion dogs was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1906. The city of Beijing was originally named after this breed of Pekingese dog, and Pekingese have lived in China for over 2000 years. The famous “sleeve dogs” are very small Pekingese that were once carried by Chinese royalty in their robe sleeves.

Pekingese Breed Overview

  • Origin: Beijing (China)
  • Nick name: Magnus, Genesis, Einstein, neutron,
  • Lifespan: 12–14 years
  • Height: 6 to 9 inches
  • Weight: 8 to 14 pounds (6.5 kg)
  • Coat: Long, thick double coat
  • Color: Black, Grey, Red, Blue, Cream, White, Fawn Gold/Yellow, Brown/Chocolate/Liver
  • Litter size: 2 to 4 puppies
  • Breed Size: Small (0–25 lbs.)
  • Energy Level: Calm
  • Exercise Need : Low
  • Bark level: when necessary
  • Patterns: Bicolor, Tricolor, Sable, Brindle, Black, and Tan
  • Breed  Group: Toy


Pekingese basic appearance, The breed’s main distinguishing features are a flat face and huge eyes. These lion dogs are long-bodied, stooping dogs with low dog limbs. Despite its small size, the body is powerful, and the build contributes to a “rolling” stride.

Peke dogs ears are long on the broad rounded head, and the tail is beautifully held back. Peke legs are short, with weakly boned rear legs and bow-shaped upper legs. Their feet are big and flat.

The profuse coat of the Pekingese is its greatest beauty. Her hair is long and straight. Pekingese range in color from tooth to mahogany red. These dogs have dark eyes. Pekingese typically stand 6 to 9 inches tall and weigh 8 to 14 pounds.


Pekingese are noted for their self-assurance and toughness. Pekingese are notoriously obstinate dogs. They consider themselves to be superior than other dogs. Pekes are often exceedingly devoted, caring, and known for their boldness and steadfast independence. They are also quite protective of their families.

Pekingese are simple to teach since they do not prefer to explore on their own. Does not enjoy being in familiar settings. These lion dogs enjoy the companionship of other Pekingese dogs, although if kept together from an early age, they may adjust to other dogs.


The average lifespan of Pekingese is 13 to 15 years. Injury, like other toy breeds, is a major cause of mortality in Pekingese, including neurological and cardiovascular problems such as heart failure. Pekingese with this disease can live for many years if treated well with medication, and a heart murmur may be a sign. It should be checked by a veterinary cardiologist. Brachycephaly can cause health problems in Pekingese as a result of breeding for an increasingly flat face.

Other possible issues with the breed include vision and lung difficulties caused by its tiny skull and flat face. Minor health issues include an enlarged soft palate, patellar luxation, stenotic nares, keratoconjunctivitis, sicca, trichiasis, corneal abrasion, dystasia, and skin fold dermatitis. It is also known to suffer from urolithiasis at times. All short-faced breeds have comparable issues.

Pekingese dog Care

Caring for a Pekingese dog is usually a difficult task because these small creatures require a lot of upkeep and grooming. Early socialization is also necessary to ensure that your Peck gets along with other household pets, as this is a breed that enjoys being around people.


Pekingese are extremely hard workers. A diet rich in minerals, good fats and meat-based protein is essential to stay healthy, happy and active. A less active pack will need about 300 calories per day to maintain energy levels. Moderately active dogs need 400 calories, while very active dogs may need 600 calories.

Pekingese ancestors were fed a typical Mandarin diet of pork, chicken, and fish protein with rice, greens, and soy products as valued members of the royal court a diet that even current pet nutritionists advocate.

A diet high in blueberries, broccoli, carrots, cold water fish, eggs, and garlic will help Pekingese maintain healthy eyesight and immune system. Feed your dogs companion a diet rich in chondroitin, glucosamine, and omega-3 fatty acids.


Pekingese dogs require just approximately 30 minutes of exercise each day, far less than more lively or bigger dogs. However, excessive exertion should be avoided to avoid respiratory difficulties. During breaks, your pet will benefit from a brief stroll. When living in warmer climes, it is critical to keep lion dogs in a well-ventilated, air-conditioned environment.


Pekingese dogs do not require much grooming. They require some grooming as well as training. Nails should be cut on a regular basis since overly long nails can be painful for the dog.

These lion dogs’ teeth should be cleaned at least twice a week. Once a week, their ears should be cleansed. Brushing your hair at least once a week is critical for removing stray hair and preventing matting. Daily brushing and grooming appointments every 8-12 weeks are required to keep the lion dogs coat healthy and attractive.


Peques, who lived in palaces for centuries, could be as quietly autonomous as the kings who controlled them. Starting training when they are puppies will help them understand. Early training, as with most dogs, is critical to developing future behaviors in your puppy.

Puppy training courses are not only beneficial for their behavior, but they also provide an excellent opportunity for dog to mingle with other people. The Peques are affectionate and intelligent, and they form close bonds with their owners.

Advantages and Disadvantage of Pekingese dog


  • They are confident and loyal.
  • They are very intelligent
  • A dog is brave and courageous.


  • Require a lot of grooming.
  • More Health Problems.
  • They have weak and sensitive characteristics.

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